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Article II, Section 8

SECTION 8.  Ethics in government.-- A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right:

(a)  All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests.

(b)  All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances.

(c)  Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law.

(d)  Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be subject to forfeiture of rights and privileges under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law.

(e)  No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or member for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law.

(f)  There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all complaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judicial qualifications commission.

(g)  A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law.

(h)  This section shall not be construed to limit disclosures and prohibitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests.

(i)  Schedule--On the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law:

1(1)  Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the secretary of state by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following:

a.  A copy of the person's most recent federal income tax return; or

b.  A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (f), and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income.

(2)  Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to subsection (i)(1).

(3)  The independent commission provided for in subsection (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics.

History.--Proposed by Initiative Petition filed with the Secretary of State July 29, 1976; adopted 1976; Ams. proposed by Constitution Revision Commission, Revision Nos. 8 and 13, 1998, filed with the Secretary of State May 5, 1998; adopted 1998.

1Note.--Section 24(a), Art. XII, State Constitution, provides for the amendment to s. 8(h)(1), Art. II, State Constitution, by Revision No. 8 (1998) to take effect January 7, 2003. Section 8(h)(1), Art. II, State Constitution, was redesignated as s. 8(i)(1) by Revision No. 13 (1998). As amended by Revision No. 8 (1998), effective January 7, 2003, s. 8(i)(1), Art. II, State Constitution, will read:

(1)  Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following:

a.  A copy of the person's most recent federal income tax return; or

b.  A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (f), and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income.


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